Parts of Speech - An Introduction

Date:
AUTHORED BY: English Geek

English Geek

Admin
Admin for English Geek website.

Introduction to Parts of Speech in English Grammar

Parts of Speech – An Introduction :

In order to construct a grammatically correct sentence, we use words in a certain order that creates dependency of one word on the other. This dependency results in performance of specific roles by different words. There are eight different categories or roles that can be assigned to a word when it is used in a sentence. However, same word can play one or more roles in a single sentence as well as in different sentences. These different roles are what we call as Parts of Speech.

Hence, the term “Parts of Speech” refers to the categories into which words can be classified according to the function performed by them when they are used in a sentence. So, ‘Part’ here means the role of a word in a sentence and not a section or fragment of the sentence. And ‘Speech’ here means a sentence and not an act of producing sound with the help of our organs.

Following table introduces us to the eight Parts of Speech with a few examples and their basic functions :

Parts of Speech

Function

Examples

Nouns

Naming words. Names of persons, places, things, ideas, feelings or qualities.

boy, student, Tom, Rita, India, book, table, greatness, health, wisdom

Pronouns

Proxy nouns. Used in place of nouns.

I, we, you, he, she, it, myself, they

Adjectives

Qualifying or modifying words. Qualify nouns & pronouns.

Good, beautiful, wise, urgent, simple, awesome, tall, short, greedy, rich

Verbs

Denote action or state of being.

Go, do, come, sit, create, enable, make, sing, hear, rise, tell, dig, wash, run, bathe, speak, listen  

Adverbs

Qualifying words. Qualify verbs, adjectives or other adverbs.

Smoothly, carefully, clearly, quickly, seldom, always, cheerfully, neatly

Prepositions

Tell relationship or relative position of nouns or pronouns with other words (especially nouns and / or pronouns) in a sentence with respect to time, place or space.

At, on, upon, to, into, before, after, over, under, above, below, by, with, towards, till, until, for, from, since, beside, besides  

Conjunctions

Joining words. Join words, phrases and clauses.

And, or, but, therefore, because, otherwise, else, yet, either …. or, neither ….. nor, though, although

Interjections

Express sudden feelings or emotions of joy, sorrow, happiness and excitement.

Oh!, Uff!, Alas!, Wow!, Hurrah!



comments (0)
No Comment Available for this Post. Be the first one to comment on this Post.

leave a comment
 
1437